Tue. Jun 11th, 2024

     Past indefinite tense

    Past indefinite tense

    The past indefinite tense describes an action completed in the past. It often occurs with adverbs.

    For examples

    Ali left school last year

    I received his letter two weeks ago 

    Sometimes past indefinite tense is used without an adverb of time 

    I learned English in Karachi

    Ali didn’t sleep well last night

    India defeated Australia at GABA

    The past indefinite tense is also used for past habits

    Ali studied many hours every day 

    He always carried an umbrella

    Formation of past indefinite tense

    Past indefinite tense take the second form of the verb, and its helping verb is DID, but this helping verb does not use in affirmative sentence, and it is only used in negative and interrogative sentence

    Note in some rare cases helping verb of past indefinite tense DID is also used in affirmative cases.

    For example

    He did steal my book

    General formulas of Past indefinite tense 

    Subject + 2nd form of verb + object 

    Examples

    Ali plucked the flowers

    She told a lie

    You wasted your time

    Negative sentence of past indefinite tense

    To form the negative sentence of past indefinite tense after subject put did not then use verb 1st  form like below.

    Subject + did not + 1st form of verb + object 

    Examples

    He did not insult me 

    We did not abuse Anwar

    Ali did not jump into the river

    Interrogative sentence of past indefinite tense

    To form the interrogative tense of the past indefinite tense helping verb of past indefinite tense DID will take the place of subject and subject will come after the helping verb like below.

    DID + SUBJECT + 1st form of verb + object 

    Did Ali fail in the examination?

    Did it rain yesterday?

    Did you help the beggar? 

    Why did you pluck the flowers?

    Active voice and passive rules for past indefinite tense

    To make the passive voice of past indefinite tense, we should follow three main things

    1 subject will take place of object and object will be used in place in the subject 

    2 helping verb will be WAS and WERE instead of did to form the passive voice of past indefinite tense

    3 3rd form verb can be used to form the passive voice of past indefinite tense

    Formulas to make passive voice

    Subject + was / were + 3rd form of verb + by + agent 

    Examples 

            

              Active voice

         Passive voice

    He bought two cups

    Two cups were bought by him

    I met him yesterday

    He was met by me yesterday

    Ali did not take tea

    Tea was not taken by Ali

    They did not eat meat

    Meat was taken by Ali

    Who broke this pen

    By whom was this pen broken

    Why did you beat him

    Why was he taken beaten by you

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