Tue. May 21st, 2024

        Table of Content

    active and passive voice rules chart

    Active and passive voice rules chart



    in this article i will discuss in detail the rules of active voice and passive with the help of charts

    Active voice: In active voice, all the action is done by the subject pr subject is the doer of the action.

    For example, Ali writes a letter.

    Passive voice: in passive voice subject is the receiver of the action, or all action is performed on the subject

    For example, a letter is written by Ali

    active and passive voice rules chart shows how the helping verbs changes in the passive voice

    Active voice

    Passive voice

    Is ,am ,are

    Is being ,am being ,are being

    Has, have

    Has been ,have been

    Was ,were

    Was being ,were being

    had

    Had been

    Will ,shall

    Will be ,shall be

    Will have

    will have been

    Shall have

    Shall have been

    can

    Can be

    May

    May be

    might

    Might be

    should

    should

     

     how pronouns are changed to make passive voice

    Active voice

    Passive voice

    I

    Me

    we

    Us

    he

    Him

    she

    Her

    they

    The,

    you

    you

          

    Four basic rules to change active voice to passive voice

    1 subject will take place of object and object becomes subject

    2 while making passive voice form active voice 3rdform of verb should be used

    3 helping verb is also changed while making passive voice from active voice just like show in above chart

    4 pronouns are also changed while making passive voice from active voice

    Present Simple tense

    to make passive voice of this tense following formulas should be used

    object +is/am/are+3rd form verb+ by + subject

    ACTIVE VOICE

    PASSIVE VOICE

    I eat an apple

    An apple is eaten by me

    His mother beats him

    He is beaten by his mother

    She does not tell a lie

    A lie is not told by her

    Ali does not do it

    It is not done by Ali

    Do you sell mangoes

    Are mangoes sold by you

    Does he sing a song

    Is a song sung by him

    Who boils eggs?

    By whom are eggs are boiled

    What do you do ?

    What is done by you

    Does he help me

    Am I helped by him?

    Why does he eat rice ?

    Why is rice eaten by him

     

    Present continuous tense

    to form passive voice of this tense below formulas is used

    object + is/am/are+being+3rd form of verb + by + agent

       ACTIVE VOICE

      PASSIVE VOICE

    They are playing cricket

    Cricket is being played by them

    She is singing songs

    Songs are being sung by her

    Ali is not abusing me

    I am not being abused by ALI

    he is not reading a book

    A book is not being read by him

    Are you teaching him?

    Is he being taught by you?

    Who is making a noise

    By whom is a noise being made?

    What are you writing?

    What is being written by you?

    Am I speaking the truth?

    Is the truth being spoken by me?

     

    Present perfect tense

    to form passive voice of present prefect tense following formulas is used

    object + has/have+been+3rd form of verb + by + subject

          ACTIVE VOICE

         PASSIVE VOICE

    I have eaten sweets

    Sweets have been eaten by me

    She has caught a bird

    A bird has been caught by her

    We have not won the match

    The match has not been won by us

    Th man has not done his duty

    His duty has not been done by the man

    Has she milked the cow?

    Has the cow been milked by her?

    Who has eaten an egg?

    By whom has an egg been eaten?

    Why have you told a lie?

    Why has a lie been told by you?

     

    Past simple tense

    to change active voice to passive voice of this tense following formulas is used

    object + was/were+ 3rd form of verb +by + agent

    ACTIVE VOICE

    PASSIVE VOICE

    He bought two cups

    Two cups were bought by him

    I met him yesterday

    He was met by yesterday

    Ali did not take tea

    Tea was not taken by ALI

    They did not eat meat

    Meat was not eaten by them

    Who broke this pen?

    By whom was this pen broken

    Why did you beat him?

    Why was he beaten by you?

     

    Past continuous tense

    to change the sentence of past continuous tense to passive voice following pattern or formulas is used

    object + was/were+being+3rd form of verb +by + subject

    ACTIVE VOICE

    PASSIVE VOICE

    He was doing sums

    Sums were being done by him

    I was taking exercise

    Exercise was being taken by me

    She was not speaking the truth

    The truth was not being spoken by her

    They were not drinking milk

    Milk was not being drunk by them

    Were you singing a song?

    Was a song being sung by you?

    Who was abusing you?

    By whom were you being abused?

     so that is all about active and passive voice rules chart if you have ay doubt you can feel free to ask in comment sections 

     

    Leave a Reply

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *