Active and passive voice rules chart

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active and passive voice rules chart

Active and passive voice rules chart



in this article i will discuss in detail the rules of active voice and passive with the help of charts

Active voice: In active voice, all the action is done by the subject pr subject is the doer of the action.

For example, Ali writes a letter.

Passive voice: in passive voice subject is the receiver of the action, or all action is performed on the subject

For example, a letter is written by Ali

active and passive voice rules chart shows how the helping verbs changes in the passive voice

Active voice

Passive voice

Is ,am ,are

Is being ,am being ,are being

Has, have

Has been ,have been

Was ,were

Was being ,were being

had

Had been

Will ,shall

Will be ,shall be

Will have

will have been

Shall have

Shall have been

can

Can be

May

May be

might

Might be

should

should

 

 how pronouns are changed to make passive voice

Active voice

Passive voice

I

Me

we

Us

he

Him

she

Her

they

The,

you

you

      

Four basic rules to change active voice to passive voice

1 subject will take place of object and object becomes subject

2 while making passive voice form active voice 3rdform of verb should be used

3 helping verb is also changed while making passive voice from active voice just like show in above chart

4 pronouns are also changed while making passive voice from active voice

Present Simple tense

to make passive voice of this tense following formulas should be used

object +is/am/are+3rd form verb+ by + subject

ACTIVE VOICE

PASSIVE VOICE

I eat an apple

An apple is eaten by me

His mother beats him

He is beaten by his mother

She does not tell a lie

A lie is not told by her

Ali does not do it

It is not done by Ali

Do you sell mangoes

Are mangoes sold by you

Does he sing a song

Is a song sung by him

Who boils eggs?

By whom are eggs are boiled

What do you do ?

What is done by you

Does he help me

Am I helped by him?

Why does he eat rice ?

Why is rice eaten by him

 

Present continuous tense

to form passive voice of this tense below formulas is used

object + is/am/are+being+3rd form of verb + by + agent

   ACTIVE VOICE

  PASSIVE VOICE

They are playing cricket

Cricket is being played by them

She is singing songs

Songs are being sung by her

Ali is not abusing me

I am not being abused by ALI

he is not reading a book

A book is not being read by him

Are you teaching him?

Is he being taught by you?

Who is making a noise

By whom is a noise being made?

What are you writing?

What is being written by you?

Am I speaking the truth?

Is the truth being spoken by me?

 

Present perfect tense

to form passive voice of present prefect tense following formulas is used

object + has/have+been+3rd form of verb + by + subject

      ACTIVE VOICE

     PASSIVE VOICE

I have eaten sweets

Sweets have been eaten by me

She has caught a bird

A bird has been caught by her

We have not won the match

The match has not been won by us

Th man has not done his duty

His duty has not been done by the man

Has she milked the cow?

Has the cow been milked by her?

Who has eaten an egg?

By whom has an egg been eaten?

Why have you told a lie?

Why has a lie been told by you?

 

Past simple tense

to change active voice to passive voice of this tense following formulas is used

object + was/were+ 3rd form of verb +by + agent

ACTIVE VOICE

PASSIVE VOICE

He bought two cups

Two cups were bought by him

I met him yesterday

He was met by yesterday

Ali did not take tea

Tea was not taken by ALI

They did not eat meat

Meat was not eaten by them

Who broke this pen?

By whom was this pen broken

Why did you beat him?

Why was he beaten by you?

 

Past continuous tense

to change the sentence of past continuous tense to passive voice following pattern or formulas is used

object + was/were+being+3rd form of verb +by + subject

ACTIVE VOICE

PASSIVE VOICE

He was doing sums

Sums were being done by him

I was taking exercise

Exercise was being taken by me

She was not speaking the truth

The truth was not being spoken by her

They were not drinking milk

Milk was not being drunk by them

Were you singing a song?

Was a song being sung by you?

Who was abusing you?

By whom were you being abused?

 so that is all about active and passive voice rules chart if you have ay doubt you can feel free to ask in comment sections 

 

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