Wed. Apr 17th, 2024

    if you want to learn different verb patterns, then you are at the right place because, in this article, you will learn verb patterns with examples 

    Table of Contents

     VERB PATTERNS

    The way we create sentences can be a real mystery to learners of English as a language. We learn about the different types of sentences that exist in a language, but there are also many different types of verbs. Some verbs are regular, but there are also irregular verbs. Some verbs have two or more different forms. Some verbs have a person/number/verb pattern that we don’t find in other languages. And then there are sometimes really interesting things like past tense and past participle


    Table of content

    Subject + verb

    it is the simplest of verb patterns. The subject is followed by an intrinsic verb which is expressed complete without the help of any other words.

    Subject

    Verb

    Birds

    fly

    Fire

    Burns

    The moon

    Is shining

    The baby

    Is crying

    The bell

    Has rung

    The sun

    Rose

    Kamala

    Was singing

     

    Subject + verb + subject complement

     

    Subject

    Verb

    Subject complement

    1

    This

    is

    A pen

    2

    His brother

    Became

    a solider

    3

    It

    is

    Me

    4

    That book

    is

    Mine

    5

    Gopal

    looks

    Sad

    6

    My father

    grew

    Angry

    7

    The children

    kept

    quiet

    8

    The milk

    Has turned

    Sour

     

    The complement usually consists of a noun (examples 1 and 2 ), a pronoun ( 3 and 4 ), or an adjective ( 5 6 7 AND 8)

    Subject + verb + direct object

     

    Subject

    Verb

    Direct object

    1

    I

    know

    his address

    2

    The boy

     Has lost

    His pen

    3

    Andrew

    Opened

    The door

    4

    who

    broke

    The door

    5

    Mr. ALI

    Has bought

    A car

    6

    You

    Must wash

    Yourself

    7

    we

    Should help

    The poor

     

    Subject + VERB + Indirect object + direct object

     

    Subject

    Verb

    Indirect object

    Direct object

    1

    I

    lent

    her

    My pen

    2

    The teacher

    Have paid

    him

    the money

    3

    We

    Have paid

    him

    The money

    4

    The old man

    told

    us

    The whole story

    5

    You

    Must tell

    The police

    The truth

    6

    i

    Have bought

    My sister

    A watch

    7

    He

    Did not leave

    us

    any

    8

    —————-

    show

    me

    Your hands

     

    Subject + verb + direct object + preposition + prepositional object

     

    Subject

    Verb

    Direct object

    preposition

    Prepositional object

    1

    I

    lent

    My pen

    To

    A friend of mine

    2

    The teacher

    gave

    homework

    to

    All of us

    3

    we

    Have paid

    The money

    to

    The proprietor

    4

    He

    told

    The news

    to

    Everyday in the village

    5

    He

    Promised

    The money

    to

    Me ( not to you)

    6

    I

    Have bought

    A watch

    For

    My sister

    7

    Mr . Andrew

    sold

    His car

    To

    A man form karachi

    8

    she

    made

    coffee

    for

    All of us

    We can use some verbs in both pattern 4 and pattern 5. Pattern 5 is preferred when the direct object is less important or when the indirect object is longer than the direct object.

    Subject + verb + noun/pronoun+ adjective

     

    Subject

    Verb

    Noun / pronoun

    Adjective

    1

    The boy

    Pushed

    The door

    Open

    2

    The smith

    beat

    it

    Flat

    3

    she

    Washed

    The plates

    Clean

    4

    The theif

    Broke

    The safe

    Open

    5

    He

    turned

    Thr lamp

    Low

    6

    you

    Have made

    Your shirt

    Dirty

    7

    I

    like

    My coffee

    Strong

    8

    we

    found

    The trunk

    Empty

    In example 1______6, the adjective denotes a state that results from the action expressed by the verb. In the last two examples, the noun and the adjective combine to be the object of the verb

    Verbs used in this pattern include getting keep beat drive make paint leave turn find like wish

    Subject + VERB + Preposition + prepositional object

     

    Subject

    Verb

    preposition

    Prepositional object

    1

    We

    Are waiting

    for

    Suresh

    2

    He

    agreed

    To

    Our proposal

    3

    You

    Can’t count

    on

    His help

    4

    These books

    belong

    to

    Me

    5

    His uncle

    met

    with

    An accident

    6

    she

    complained

    of

    His rudeness

    7

    he

    failed

    in

    His attempt

     

    Subject + verb + to-infinitive (as object of the verb)

     

    Subject

    Verb

    To-infinitive(object of the verb

    1

    She

    wants

    To go

    2

    I

    forgot

    To post the letter

    3

    he

    fears

    To speak in public

    4

    They

    intend

    To postpone the trip

    5

    Ramesh

    proposes

    To go into business

    6

    we

    Would like

    To visit the museum

    7

    i

    hopes

    To get a first class

    8

    he

    decided

    Not to go there

    The commonest verbs used in this pattern are love, prefer, begin, start, agree, try, attempt, choose, continue, intend, propose, desire, wish, want, hate, dislike, hope, expect, promise, refuse, fear, forget, offer, learn.

    Subject + verb + noun/pronoun + to-infinitive

     

    Subject

    Verb

    Noun/pronoun

    To-infinitive etc

    1

    I

    Would like

    you

    To stay

    2

    we

    asked

    him

    To go

    3

    He

    helped

    me

    To carry the box

    4

    The doctor

    ordered

    Andrew

    To stay in the bed

    5

    they

    warned

    us

    Not to be late

    6

    I

    Can’t allow

    you

    To smoke

    7

    she

    advised

    him

    To study medicine

    8

    Who

    Taught

    you

    To swim

     

     The chief verbs used in this pattern include asking to tell, order, command, persuade, encourage, urge, want, wish, request, intend, expect, force, tempt, teach, invite, help, warn, like, love, hate, allow, permit, remind, cause, mean, dare.

    Subject + verb + gerund

     

    Subject

    verb

    Gerund, etc

    1

    She

    began

    Singing

    2

    he

    Has finished

    Talking

    3

    I 

    hate

    Borrowing money

    4

    you

    Must not

    Seeing him

    5

    Mr Andrew

    loves

    Teaching

    6

    My brother

    enjoys

    Playing cricket

    7

    I

    suggest

    Burning that letter

    8

    —–

    Don’t keep

    Saying that

     In this pattern, the gerund is the object of the verb. The chief verbs used in this pattern, include, begin, to start, love, hate, stop, finish, enjoy, prefer, fear, remember, forget, mind, miss, suggest, practice, try, understand, keep, help, advise, admit, Avoid, consider, intend, delay, and deny.

    Subject + VERB + NOUN/PRONOUN + PRESENT PARTICILPE

     

    SUBJECT

    VERB

    NOUN/PRONOUN

    PRESENT PARTICIPLE

    1

    I

    saw

    him

    Crossing the bridge

    2

    we

    smell

    something

    Burning

    3

    we

    noticed

    The boy

    Walking down the street

    4

    She

    caught

    him

    Opening you letters

    5

    they

    found

    him

    Playing cards

    6

    she

    kept

    The fire

    Burning

    7

    ———

    (Please)start

    The clock

    going

     

     Verbs used in this pattern include see hear smell, feel , watch, notice , find , observe , listen , get , catch ,keep , leave ,set and start.

    Subject + verb + noun/pronoun + plain infinitive

     

    Subject

    Verb

    Noun/pronoun

    Plain infinitive

    1

    I

    saw

    him

    go out

    2

    She

    watched

    him

    Steal the watch

    3

    we

    Heard

    her

    sing

    4

    The theif

    felt

    someone

    Touch his arm

    5

     

    Let

    him

    Go

    6

    we

    made

    tom

    Behave well

    7

    he

    bade

    them

    Leave the house

    The chief verbs used in this pattern are seen, watch, observe, hear, feel, make, let, and help bid.

    Subject + verb + noun/pronoun + past participle

     

    Subject

    Verb

    Noun/pronoun

    Past participle

    1

    I

    heard

    My name

    Called

    2

    I

    want

    This letter

    Typed

    3

    she

    Felt

    herself

    Lifted up

    4

    You

    Should get

    That tooth

    Pulled up

    5

    He

    had

    His suit

    Cleaned

    6

    We

    found

    The house

    deserted

    The verbs used in this pattern are, see, hear, find, feel, want, wish, like, make, prefer, get, and have.

    Subject + verb + noun/pronoun + (to be) complement

    The complement may be an adjective, adjective phrase or noun

     

    Subject

    Verb

    Noun/pronoun

    (to be) complement

    1

    I

    consider

    The plan

    (to be) unwise

    2

    we

    thought

    him

    (to be) foolish

    3

    People

    supposed

    him

    (to be) a patriot

    4

    they

    reported

    Robert

    (to be) a reliable person

    5

    The court

    appointed

    her

    Guardian of the orphan child

    6

    The club

    chose

    Mr. andrew

    Treasure

    7

    She

    called

    him

    A fool

    The chief verbs used in this pattern are, appoint, choose elect, make, call, name, nominate, crown, and christen.

    Subject + verb + that clause (object of the verb)

     

    subject

    verb

    That clause (object of the verb)

    1

    I

    suppose

    (That) he is not at the home

    2

    I

    Expect

    (that) it will rain

    3

    we

    hoped

    (That)you would succeed

    4

    He

    says

    (That) he has met your uncle

    5

    The teacher

    said

    He was very busy

    6

    Andrew

    suggested

    That we should go to the park

    7

    He

    admitted

    That he had written the letter

    8

    they

    complained

    That they had not been fairly treated

    That is often omitted, especially after, say, think, suppose, hope, expect

    The important verbs used in this pattern are said, think, suppose, imagine, know, believe, admit, confess, declare, suggest, complain, hope, expect, fear, feel, hear, intend, show, show, understand and wonder.

    Subject + verb + noun/pronoun + that-clause

     

    Subject

    Verb

    Noun/pronoun

    That-clause

    1

    He

    told

    Me

    (that)he was coming on sunday

    2

    I

    warned

    Him

    That there were pickpockets in the crowd

    3

    She

    Has assured

    me

    That he is ready to help

    4

    Andrew

    promised

    me

    That he would be there at five

    5

    we

    Have informed

    him

    That we are leaving this afternoon

    6

    he

    satisfied

    me

    That he could do the work well

     The chief verbs used in this pattern are, tell, inform, promise, warn, remind, teach, assure, and satisfy.

     Subject + verb + interrogative + clause

     

    Subject

    Verb

    Interrogative+ clause

    1

    I

    asked

    Where he was going

    2

    Nobody

    knows

    When he will arrive

    3

    I

    wonder

    What he wants

    4

    She

    showed

    How annoyed she was

    5

    Tom

    Could not decide

    What he should do next

    6

    I

    Cant imagine find out

    Why she has behaved like that when the train is due

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    The important verbs used in this pattern are asked to ask, wonder, know, believe, imagine, decide, discuss, understand, show, reveal, find, out, suggest, and tell.

    Subject + verb + noun/pronoun + interrogative + clause

     

    Subject

    Verb

    Noun/pronoun

    Interrogative + clause

    1

    She

    asked

    me

    When you had gone

    2

     

    tell

    us

    What it is

    3

    I

    showed

    them

    How they should do it

    4

    can

    You tell

    me

    Where he lives

     The chief verbs used in this pattern are, tell, ask, show, teach, advise, and inform

    Subject + verb + interrogative + to-infinitive

     

    Subject

    Verb

    Interrogative + to-infinitive

    1

    I

    Don’t know

    How to do it

    2

    I

    wonder

    Where to spend the weekend

    3

    she

    knows

    How to drive a car

    4

    He

    forgot

    When to turn

    5

    tom

    Couldn’t decide

    What to do next

    6

     

    Remember

    How to do it

    The commonest verbs used in this pattern are, know, understand, wonder, remember, forget, decide, settle, find, out, enquire, see, explain, guess, learn, and consider.

    Subject + verb + noun/pronoun + to-infinitive

     

    Subject

    Verb

    Noun/pronoun

    Interrogative +to-infinitive

     

    I

    Shall know

    you

    How to operate it

     

    He

    Has taught

    me

    How to play chess

     

    They

    informed

    us

    Where to turn off the road

     

     

    Advise

    me

    What to do

     

    We

    asked

    him

    Where to get tickets

     

    The chief verbs used in this pattern are those illustrated in the table

    so that is all about verb patterns if you any question you can ask comment sections below

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