Mon. May 27th, 2024

    comparison degree of adjective

     

    comparison degree of adjective


    whenever adjective change the form (brave braver bravest) to show comparison it is called the comparison degree of adjective

    Adjective brave is said to be in the positive degree

    Adjective braver is said to be in the comparative degree

    Adjective bravest is said to be in the superlative degree

    Positive degree of the adjective is in simple form

    Comparative degree of an adjective show a higher degree of the quality than the positive and used to show the comparison between two things or set of things

    For example

    Ali is stronger than Ahmed

    Andrew is clever than smith

    Honey is sweeter than sugar

    Superlative degree of an adjective show the highest degree of the quality and used when more than two things are compared

    Ali is the strongest in the class

    Andrew is the cleverest in the town

    Formation of comparative and superlative or comparison degree of adjective

    (1)   Adjective with one syllable and more than one mostly formed by adding er to comparative est to superlative to positive like below

    Positive

    Comparative  

    Superlative

    Sweet

    Sweeter

    sweetest

    small

    Smaller

    smallest

    tall

    Taller

    Tallest

    Bold

    Bolder

    Boldest

    Clever

    Cleverer

    Cleverest

    Kind

    Kinder

    Kindest

    Young

    Younger

    Youngest

    Great

    Greater

    Greatest

    (2)   Some time when Positive ends in e only r are added to comparative and st to form superlative

               

    Positive

    Comparative 

    Superlative

    Able  

    Abler

    ablest

    Fine

    Finer

    Finest

    White

    whiter

    Whitest

    Large

    Larger

    Largest

    Brave

    Braver  

    Bravest

    Noble

    Nobler

    Noblest

    Wise

    Wiser

    Wisest

     

     

     

     

     

    When the positive ends in y followed by consonant the y is changed into I before adding er to superlative and est to superlative

    POSITIVE

    COMAPTIVE

    SUPERLATIVE

    Happy

    Happier

    Happiest

    Easy

    Easier

    Easiest

    Heavy

    Heaver

    Heaviest

    Wealthy

    Wealthier

    Wealthiest  

    Merry  

    Merrier

    Merriest  

             

     

     

     

     

    When the positive is  word of one syllable and ends in a single consonant followed by a short vowel this consonant is doubled before adding er to form comparative est to form superlative

       

    POSITIVE

    COMPARATIVE

    SUPERLATIVE

    Red

    Redder

    Reddest

    Big

    Bigger

    Biggest

    hot 

    Hotter

    Hottest

    Thin

    Thinner

    Thinnest

    Sad

    Sadder

    saddest

    Fat

    Fatter

    Fattest

     

    Some adjective which have more than two syllables from the comparative and superlative by adding more and most before the positive

    POSITIVE

    COMPARATIVE

    SUPERLATIVE

    Beautiful

    More beautiful

    Most beautiful

    Difficult

    More difficult

    Most difficult

    Industrious

    More industrious

    Most industrious

    Courageous

    More courageous

    Most courageous

     

    The Comparative degree in er is not used when we compare two qualities in the same person or thing if we wish to say that the courage of ANDREW is greater than the courage of SMITH we say

    Andrew is braver than Smith

    But if we want to say that the courage of Andrew is greater than his prudence we must say

    Andrew is more brave than prudent

     

     

     

    When two items are compared with each other latter term of comparison must exclude the former : as

               Gold is the more useful than any other metal

           We can also say

                 GOLD is more useful than any metal

    That is the same thing as saying gold is more useful than gold since Gold is itself a metal

     

     

      IRRGULAR Comparison degree of adjective

     The following adjective are compared irregularly their comparative and superlative are not formed from the Positive

           V       

    POSITIVE

    COMPARATIVE

    SUPERLATIVE

    Good, Well

    Better

    Best

    Bad ,

    Worse

    Worst

    Little

    Less, l

    Most ( quantity)

    Many

    More

    Most (number)

    Late

    latter Later ,

    Latest , last

    Old

    Elder Older ,  

    Eldest Oldest  

    Far

    Farther

    Farthest

    Up

    Upper

    Upmost ,

     

    Double shape of the comparative and superlative of the adjectives discussed above are used im different ways

    Later and latest denotes time

    Latter and last denotes to position

    Andrew is later than I expected (time)

    I have not heard the latest news (time)

    The latter chapters are lacking in interest (position)

    The second chapter is carelessly written (position)

    Ours is the last house in the town (position)

     Elder and eldest are only used for persons

    Andrew is my elder brother

    John is my eldest son

    Older and oldest are used for both persons and things

    John is older than his sister

    Joe is the oldest boy in the eleven

    This is the oldest temple in Peshawar

    Father and further are used to express distance    

     Andrew must reply without any delay

    After this jeo made no further remarks

    Karachi is farther/further from the equator than colombo

    Nearest denotes the shortest distance away and next  denotes to one of sequence of things coming after each other

    Karachi is the seaport nearest to suadi Arbia

    Where is the nearest pizza hut

    Andrews shop is next to the post office

    My aunty lives in the next house

     

      

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